During the year 2023, the government of Iran decided to expedite the deportation of illegal and undocumented refugees from the country. The decision has put Afghan migrants already living in the country without legal travel documents and Afghans who entered Iran after the Taliban’s return to power in 2021 at risk of deportation.
In this article, the immunity and security of Afghan refugees and asylum seekers in Iran will be discussed. The guide covers various topics, including requirements and guidelines for legal residency, reliable transportation, safe accommodations, social customs and traditions, and avoiding visiting sensitive areas of Iran.
Significant safety tips for Afghan immigrants in Iran
Considering the consequences of political and security developments in Afghanistan, the importance of the safety and security of Afghans who have taken refuge in Iran has become more apparent. As one of Afghanistan's neighboring countries, Iran has played a very important role in creating suitable conditions for the life and growth of Afghan immigrants in the past decades.
The main reasons for these migrations include trying to escape from war, insecurity, poor economic situation, and international sanctions in Afghanistan. These asylum seekers mostly live in the provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Baluchistan and the city of Islamabad, the center of Iran.
By following the guidelines below, Afghans can ensure their safety and well-being while staying in Iran:
Choosing to stay in secure places
- Afghans should consider staying in hotels, guesthouses, or other reputable places. Use your official travel documents when reserving accommodation in hotels, resorts, or similar places to avoid fraudulent activity. It also reduces the risk of being detained by the Iranian authorities.
- It is important to follow the local customs and traditions, such as dress and etiquette, when you are staying in Iran. This highlights the importance of respecting local customs and traditions when living or working in Iran. It is very important to understand and follow local customs to avoid offending the local people or creating misunderstandings.
- Afghans should try to make friends with Iranians and other people around them in Iran who can support them in times of trouble. These people can help navigate local customs and laws and can act as local guides and translators if necessary.
Going out in the city
- Afghan nationals should exercise caution and avoid unnecessary trips to major cities and important areas of Iran. By minimizing their presence in sensitive locations, they can avoid arousing suspicion or drawing attention from law enforcement agencies.
- Never carry a lot of foreign currencies such as dollars, euros, or pounds, and try to carry Irani money (Toman) with you. It is recommended to carry only the necessary amount of money for daily expenses and keep the rest in a safe place. Carrying large amounts of currency may attract unwanted attention and make you a target for robbery or theft. It is also recommended to exchange currency at authorized banks or exchanges to avoid fraud.
Not attending gatherings
- Afghan nationals are advised to avoid organizing or attending gatherings, such as birthday parties or wedding anniversaries, where significant numbers of Afghan nationals may gather. Such gatherings can attract attention and potentially raise security concerns and the risk of arrest.
- Afghan nationals should avoid involvement in political circles, party meetings, or activities that may be considered politically sensitive. Engaging in such activities can lead to unwanted attention from authorities and possible legal consequences.
- Afghan nationals should refrain from participating in demonstrations or protests. Participating in public demonstrations can carry risks, including potential conflicts with law enforcement or involvement in political situations.
- Afghans should speak politely and respectfully to Irani police and army personnel. They should avoid using any aggressive or confrontational language, as it may lead to misunderstandings or even legal problems. Maintaining calm and respectful behavior when interacting with Iranian officials is essential.
- Afghans should refrain from spreading rumors or false information. They should stick to the facts and refrain from commenting on sensitive political or religious issues that might offend Iranian officials or citizens.
Staying away from military centers and sensitive areas
- Afghan nationals should never go near sensitive military centers in Iran. These areas are usually heavily guarded, and any suspicious activity may lead to arrest or detention by Iranian authorities.
- Afghan nationals should refrain from taking pictures of military or government installations, as doing so is prohibited and may result in arrest. Respecting the laws and regulations of the country you are visiting is very important, and taking pictures of sensitive areas can be considered a security threat. If you want to take pictures of a particular place, first ask permission from the authorities.
- Afghan nationals should never enter schools, unusual mosques, and religious centers in Iran or even go near them. These places are considered sensitive areas, and any suspicious activity may lead to legal action against them.
Respecting the interests of Iran
- It is important to prevent rumors from spreading in the city because rumors can cause unnecessary panic and anxiety among people and can also lead to misunderstandings and conflicts. It is important to check the accuracy of information before sharing it with others, especially when it is related to sensitive or controversial issues.
- Afghans should avoid discussing sensitive political or religious issues with other people in public places. This point emphasizes the need to avoid sensitive political or religious discussions with unwanted people or in public places to avoid misunderstanding or conflict.
- Afghan nationals should be aware of their surroundings and report any suspicious activity to the authorities. If you notice anything unusual or suspicious, such as suspicious behavior, report it to the police or local authorities immediately. It is important to always be alert and aware of your surroundings.
- If you are protecting your property and your business or investment is not legal, make it legal. This point emphasizes the importance of legalizing your business or investment to avoid legal consequences. It is necessary to obtain all necessary permits before starting any business or investment in Iran.
- Be aware that the Iranian government confiscates the assets of Afghans without legal documents; try not to be affected by this issue. This point shows the dangers faced by Afghan nationals who do not have legal documents while living or working in Iran. It is very important to have all the necessary legal documents to avoid the confiscation of assets by the Iranian authorities.
Following the rules and regulations
- Follow the instructions of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Interior of Iran. The Government of Iran may issue residence advisories and guidelines from time to time, depending on the security situation in the country. Following these guidelines is essential to ensure your safety and avoid any legal problems.
- Local laws help Afghan migrants to avoid potential conflicts and violence. This action helps to protect their personal immunity and security.
- Following local laws and guidelines will help Afghan immigrants build positive relationships with the local community. These connections can contribute to positive interaction and cultural exchange between immigrants and the host society.
The Iranian government may not be following human rights and migrant protection guidelines, so it is good to be aware of this. This point emphasizes the need to be aware of the possible dangers of refugees and migrants in Iran due to the actions of the Iranian government. It is important to be aware of changes in policies and regulations that may affect refugees and immigrants.
Afghans who can register with UNHCR for immigration status are protected from deportation. UNHCR provides support and assistance to refugees who are facing persecution or harm in their country. It is recommended that you register if you meet UNHCR's protection criteria.
By following these detailed guidelines, Afghans can increase their safety, minimize risks, and foster positive interactions during their stay in Iran. To ensure a smooth and safe experience, it is recommended that you stay up to date with any changes in regulations or recommendations issued by relevant authorities.
Ask for help from "Beporsed"
For those Afghans seeking specific information, "Beporsed" is here to help. You can reach our information center through WhatsApp (+93729807235), Facebook Messenger, or our website's Messenger to ask our online information desk officer for assistance.
For more information
For more information on immigration, resettlement, education and scholarship programs, and other opportunities available to Afghans worldwide, as well as details on the humanitarian services provided by international organizations in Afghanistan and procedures for obtaining civil documents from governmental institutions, please visit Beporsed's website and social media pages.