Winter is a season full of snow and ice, which may be pleasant for the world's people. But the winter season, snowy and freezing days in some provinces of Afghanistan, create a world of trouble for the people.
Since the cold regions of the country are mountainous, there are no necessary tools to clean the roads, the economy of the people is low, and they do not have the necessary training to spend the winter season; therefore, this season brings with it problems such as physical and economic injuries that make the living conditions for people makes it hard, But by following simple safety tips, people can prevent or minimize the difficulty of living conditions and encountering problems in the winter season.
In addition, with the beginning of snowfall in different parts of the country and the winter season, Afghans need to observe essential safety tips to maintain their health more than the people of any other country. For this reason, in this article, we will give you recommendations regarding walking and driving on snowy and icy days so that you can pass the winter without any problems while maintaining your health.
Why should we notice on snow and ice days?
Every winter brings with it rain, storms, snow, and frost. During snow, rain, and frost, it is very common for people to fall, especially children and the elderly. In the elderly, due to health and osteoporosis, a fall and a small impact can sometimes cause a fracture. Falling on the ground is one of the most common accidents in the winter season. Remember some safety tips to prevent accidents caused by falling in snow and rain.
If you intend to leave the house without a vehicle and on foot, you should pay attention to the following points:
- Avoid unnecessary walking during snowfall and freezing weather.
- Use appropriate boots and clothes when leaving home.
- If possible, children and elderly people should not leave the house when the roads and alleys are slippery.
- Be careful when crossing sidewalks in front of buildings, roads, and bridges.
- When removing snow from the roof, avoid throwing it on power lines.
- To prevent falling from a height, prevent children from approaching the edge of high places such as the roof of the house.
- To avoid collisions with passing vehicles, cross the sidewalk and avoid driving on the surface of highways.
- When crossing the width of the road, keep your distance from the vehicle and avoid running.
- When crossing the sidewalks, be careful of falling ice fragments hanging from the gutter and the edge of the building.
- Avoid crossing the frozen surface of standing water, ponds, and artificial lakes in isolated parks.
- Throwing snowballs may result in injury, blindness, and property damage.
- When clearing snow from roofs, avoid throwing snow on the street's surface and, if necessary, consider one person as a guide at the place of snow dumping.
- To prevent injuries caused by falling and accidents with passing vehicles, children should be aware of ice and playing on the surface of streets and roads.
Use of vehicle
If you intend to drive the vehicle, you should pay attention to the following points:
- Avoid driving and unnecessary trips during snowfall and freezing weather.
- Avoid driving with a vehicle without chains or chains when the road surface is icy and slippery.
- Be sure of the vehicle's health and that it is equipped with safety facilities.
- Ensure the health of the vehicle's heating system.
- In case of a technical defect in the vehicle, stop it in a suitable place and place warning signs at a suitable distance to prevent collisions with passing vehicles.
- Avoid sudden braking while driving on a slippery surface.
- To prevent the lack of oxygen and the production of harmful gases in the vehicle, avoid stopping in a closed place.
- Move with the vehicle at the permitted and safe speed.
- Watch out for pedestrians and keep a safe distance from them.
- Never use bicycles and motorcycles.
During snow, rain, and frost, it is very common for people to catch a cold and fall. Sometimes a fall and a small impact can endanger human health. Therefore, first aid is vital in maintaining human health, so pay attention to the following points of first aid:
- Move the frostbitten person to a warm, closed, dry environment.
- Remove his wet clothes. If possible, cut and remove the clothes with scissors for ease of doing the work and no more damage.
- Warm the victim with a blanket, but do not expose him to extreme heat sources at once.
- Give warm fluids to the victim.
- Do not massage body parts such as fingers and toes, face, and ears that are frostbitten.
Falls and injuries
When dealing with a person who has broken, bruised, and dislocated due to falling and slipping in the snow, it is necessary to take the following actions:
- Pay attention to the scene's safety so you do not fall and get hurt.
- Ask for help from other people if needed.
- Do not move the patient in any way unless his life is in danger in that place.
- Keep the casualty warm with blankets and available heating devices.
- If there is visible bleeding, stop it using gauze or a clean cloth and apply pressure to the bleeding site.
- Stay with the patient until reliable help arrives.
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For more information
For more information on immigration, resettlement, education and scholarship programs, and other opportunities available to Afghans worldwide, as well as details on the humanitarian services provided by international organizations in Afghanistan and procedures for obtaining civil documents from governmental institutions, please visit Beporsed's website and social media pages.